On the Issues

Companies and Government decisions that destroy the environment for profit in the US

As technology expands its impact on people’s everyday life, more of us understand the cost of being aware of the truth that surrounds us. In this particular case, the truth to discuss is the environmental one which is of great importance to the survival of not only the plants, animals, and ecosystems but human survival as well. The topic on environmental and climate change has been both relevant and talked about since 1970, yet many governments, companies, and corporations have taken at least 30 years to take serious action towards committing to find environmentally friendly ways to keep their business.

Nowadays the discussion on finding a renewable source of energy, food, and supplies have taken the urgent tone. The reason why the tone has escalated that much is because the truth about our reality is getting to close and to fast to the term catastrophe. The most recent report on climate change was shown in the UN Environment’s sixth Global Environment Outlook (2019), and it showed in its GEO report how urgent and drastic changes will need to be made in order to prevent one million species to disappear, as aztecaporno disappeared from one moment, to another, worsening of shortages, and more devastating wildfire.

Climate Change Consequences on People, Green Agreements, and Goals for this Century

As the time to face the consequences of our reckless actions is imminent, hundreds of scientists, peer reviewers, institutions, and partners have come forward to inform the rest of the world that we can still change our fatal destiny. In other words, we still have time to right our wrongs and lowering the global temperature. According to GEO and Nasa, since 2001, the warmest years of the planet have accompanied the new millennium; in fact, the year 2016 ranks as the warmest on records. The consequences of these high temperatures have caused, on the one hand, more intense videos de incesto, glaciers to shrink precipitating large chunks of ice on rivers and causing an accelerated rise on the sea level.

On the other hand, the impact on cities, countries, and their economy is measurable; for instance, in Houston, Florida and Puerto Rico which have been devastated by these natural disasters recently. These disasters such as floods, for example, have been persistent and ubiquitous not only in the United States of America but also in Asia where thousands of land crops have been flooded, which means that the economy of many farmers and cities have been severely affected. In addition, and as incredible it may seem, even though the consequences have directly affected the economy, and well-being of thousands of people, many governments around the world refuse to strongly commit to lowering or eradicate the cause of millions of dollars of expenditures for natural disasters.

Nevertheless, in 2015 many countries agreed to work towards lowering the earth temperature below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels to the end of the century and also to gathering efforts to limiting the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This international agreement was well received for many countries which worked to set their own goals to contribute to the general goal. The bad news is that in 2017 the President of the United States Donald Trump announced that the U.S would cease all participation in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change Mitigation. The United States of America is one of the top greenhouse gas emissions countries due to companies such as Chevron, ExxonMobil, and Peabody Energy.

Companies Destroying the Environment for Profit

These companies that constitute the Oil and Coal Industry are responsible for disastrous oil spills, air contamination, and death of probably thousands of people. Even though they have been fined for hundreds of millions of dollars for the damage they are causing to ecosystems, and drinking water, they have been reluctant to make significant efforts to move towards renewable energy.

In addition to it, companies that pollute the ocean with plastic are also located in the United States and these are Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, Nestlé, Danone, Procter and Gamble, and Colgate-Palmolive. In regard to other economic sectors, the transportation industry is responsible for 29 percent of the 2017 greenhouse gas emissions in the United States; the Electricity production sector falls second, and it accounts for 28 percent of greenhouse gas emissions and in place number three the industry is responsible for 22.2 percent of 2017 greenhouse gas emissions.

All these companies as Chevron, Suiteporno.com, ExxonMobil, Peabody Energy, Coca-Cola, Nestlé and Procter and Gamble continue today to emit important greenhouse gas emissions and plastic pollution thanks to the removal of environmental regulation from the government and so keeping the American economy growing. However, the story that lies behind “America First” is an environmentally damaging one that keeps putting the world a bit closer to natural disasters. Nowadays is known that companies such as ExxonMobil have funded multiple organizations denying anthropogenic global warming; nevertheless, many other companies and government are taking more concrete action to invest in renewable energy, and environmentally friendly products that fill the needs of the market without contaminating the world we live today.

On the Issues

Main Issues in the Current Healthcare System in the US

The current healthcare system in the US is a very hot subject among politicians in the Republican Party -which holds the majority of votes in the Senate and is also the party leading the White House today and the Democratic Party- and the Democratic party. These extended discussions are of course directly proportionate to the importance and the impact it has on millions of American citizens lives in terms of their health and economy. Therefore, even though this is a complicated topic to understand here are a few things to highlight about why is the US Healthcare System so expensive and yet so broken?

To try to get our heads around it, there are some highly respected private foundations such as the Commonwealth Fund that ranks the world’s best and worst healthcare systems around the world. In the 2017 study, the United States Healthcare system performance ranked last among the 11 countries with the highest income. In other words, the healthcare system falls short by quite a lot in terms of Access, Equity, Health Care Outcomes, and Administrative Efficiency. In this study, the top three healthcare systems are The United Kingdom, Australia, and the Netherlands.

The problems with the United States healthcare system are first, the country has the highest per capita health expenditure and a large percentage of its GDP goes right into health care way more than any other country. Second, the United States is the only high-incoming country that lacks universal health insurance coverage; although after the Affordable Care Act-aka Obamacare- the country made great efforts to expand that coverage making it mandatory to everyone to have health insurance; plus, the country invested over one trillion dollars in the subsidiary health care system Medicare. However, this decision also made more Americans face higher income deductibles and out-of-pocket costs at a greater scale in comparison to other citizens of other countries.

To this point is evident that the major issues the healthcare system in America have as the study shows Access, Administrative Efficiency, Equity and Health Care Outcome. To try to understand why the States falls short on access then it’s crucial to see what people say about affordability regarding the cost of health care. In this aspect, politicians in America are focused on getting more people health insurance than studying the best approach to lower the cost of medical care that will open the door to “broader access to care, lower insurance premiums, and ultimately better health” as Griff Jenkins would say. Nevertheless, the preferred strategy which was to force million Americans into getting health insurance cost the government over 1 trillion dollars in tax revenue to “subsidize premiums and adds numerous regulations and taxes, many of which counterproductively increase premiums”. The result, getting any health care in America is expensive, to say the least, therefore even though many citizens have insurance very few have quality care and access to precise and accurate medical care.

On the other hand, in terms of administrative efficiency the United States ranks last because there are too much paperwork conflicts regarding coverage, therefore as OLGA KHAZAN wrote “coverage, in general, is great, it’s not ideal that different insurance plans cover different treatments and procedures, forcing doctors to spend precious hours coordinating with insurance companies to provide care.” This is significantly important when it comes to quality medical care, time-saving to have come up with a good diagnosis, and ultimately to actually perform the best approach in a procedure on the patient. These key decisions do affect the health outcome of a patient in a life-threatening situation.

In addition to it, there is another distinctive indicator that shows the negative consequences of the system major issues, this is related to the America life expectancy at age 60. For the past decade, the life expectancy of an average American dropped to 60 as a result of failure in quality health care, difficulty to get access to health care and an “inefficient and under-resourced primary care system”. Primary care is the first step to not only preventing chronic diseases but to assure people a healthy control in every stage in their lives. Therefore, any primary care physician should be able to have seamless coordinated care between them and the specialist, so they can have the best approach a patient can hope for.

The reality is much harder, and the average American is paying it with their quality of life and well-being. To conclude, the major issues in the current health care system in America come as a consequence of knowingly overlooking the main problem. This occurs because the people making these decisions are not part of the health system, instead they are politicians that choose to come up with strategies to deal with the consequences instead of dealing with the problem itself. The cost of medical care itself is the core problem to deal with, not the consequences such as premiums and coverage, at least that is what experts say.